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Country Profile: Syria

TJC Global Translation & Interpreting Services since 1985

Fact File

Capital and largest city



Arabic, Aramaic, Armenian, Kurdish, Turkmen


185, 180 sq km


19, 405, 000 (2007 est.)


Syrian pound


The most widely spoken language in Syria is Arabic, which is also the country's official language. English and French are also spoken by the educated proportion of the population. Other languages spoken include Armenian, Turkmen, Aramaic, Turoyo, Assyrian Neo-Aramaic and Western Neo-Aramaic.


Syria's economy is middle-income, and is based on agriculture, industry, tourism and oil. Agricultural produce includes barley, cotton, wheat, lentils, chickpeas, olives, sugar beets, mutton, beef, eggs, milk and poultry. Petroleum, textiles, beverages, food processing, tobacco and phosphate rock mining are the country's main industries. Syria's natural resources are phosphates, petroleum, chrome, manganese ores, asphalt, iron ore, rock, salt, marble, gypsum and hydropower. Syria's main trading partners are Italy, France, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, China, Ukraine, Russia, South Korea and the US.

Syria put in a request to join the World Trade Organization in 2001. The country also has a free trade agreement with Turkey, and has put forward an Association Agreement with the EU.


Large quantities of petroleum were discovered in Syria in 1956. For this reason, oil has been the country's chief export for the past years. However, there is also the potential for the less environmentally damaging forms of energy, hydropower and wind, to be harvested in the country in the future years, which would provide a more secure and sustainable solution to the energy problem.

For further information about our language services, please see our Arabic interpreting and Arabic translation pages

or return to Home or our Country profile page

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Areas in which we provide translation services include:

·         Legal Translation                                        

·         Medical and Pharmaceutical Translation

·         Technical Translation for Industry

·         Engineering Translation (including Automotive)

·         Environment and Global Issues Translation

·         Business Translation

·         Financial Translation

·         Scientific Translation

·         News and Media Translation

·         Government Translation

For more information regarding these services, please visit our main Translation Services page.

Areas in which we provide interpreting services include:

•    Legal  (including court, depositions, arbitrations, litigations)         

•    Medical (including Pharmaceutical & Medical Conferences)

•    Technical

•    Industry

•    Engineering (including Chemical, Marine, CivilMechanical, Electrical

•   Business   (including Business Conferences, discussions, meetings) 

•    Financial

•    Construction

For more information regarding these services, please visit our main Interpreting Services page. 

Some of the 180 languages for which we provide interpreters:


Arabic Interpreting Italian Interpreting
French Interpreting German Interpreting
Spanish Interpreting Korean Interpreting
Chinese Interpreting Japanese Interpreting

For other languages, please visit our Multiple Language Services Interpreting page.

Some of the 180 languages for which we provide interpreters:
Arabic Translation Italian Translation
Chinese Translation Japanese Translation
French Translation Korean Translation
German Translation Spanish Translation

For other languages, please visit our Multiple Language Services Translation page.

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