@: info@tjc-global.com   t: +44 1865 511872   f: +44 1865 559957

Country Profile: Norway

TJC Global Translation & Interpreting Services since 1985

Factfile

Total Area

324, 220 sq km

Population

4,644,457, 0.3% growth rate,
15 density per sq km.

Capital City

Oslo, 791, 500

Currency

Norwegian krone

Languages

Bokmal Norwegian, Nynorsk Norwegian

Ethnicity

Norwegian

Religion

Evangelical Lutheran 86%

Literacy Rate

100%

National Holiday

Constitution Day, May 17

Climate

Cold winters, milder summers

Economic Summary

GDP: $247.4 billion

Industry

Service: 56.3%
Industry: 41.4%
Agriculture: 2.4%
Major industries: Petroleum, gas, shipbuilding, pulp and paper products, metals, chemicals, timber, mining, fishing, textiles
Natural resources: petroleum, copper, natural gases, fish, metals

Major trading partners

UK, Germany, US, France, Netherlands, Sweden, Denmark, China
 

 

Economy

Norway is a founding member of NATO and is a member of the EEA. It has a wealth of natural resources, including gas fields, hydropower, fish, forests and minerals - and is a leading exporter of seafood. Norway's other key industries include shipbuilding, food processing, metals, chemicals and mining. It was ranked in 2007 as the most peaceful country in the world. Norway's is a mixed economy, made up of government ownership and free market. 

History

Norway was inhabited from as early as the 6th millennium BC. However, it was only after the unification of the petty states by Harold Hairfair that Norway became one united country, and so started the Viking period between the 8th and 11th centuries. This era was a time of expansion and emigration, with many Norwegians leaving the country to settle in Iceland, Greenland and parts of Britain and Ireland. By the 11th century, many Norse traditions were being replaced by Christian ideologies, with St. Olav Haakon the Good the country's first Christian king. In 1319 Norway and Sweden were joined, and in 1349 the Black Death killed 60% of the population, leading to a period of economic decline. There were many unions between the Nordic countries, bringing Norway, Sweden and Denmark together under the Kalmar Union, which Norway remained in until 1814. Later, during the romanticism of the 19th century, this period was known as the "Four Hundred Year Night", because all of the country's intellectual, political and royal power was centred in Denmark.

Norway formed a disastrous alliance with Napoleon, which led to mass starvation, however was then able to declare independence in 1814 with Christian Frederik crowned king. The country formed an alliance with Sweden which was peacefully broken in 1905. During the First World War, Norway remained neutral, but during World War II was invaded by German forces, meaning they had to participate. After the war, for over fifteen years, labour held the majority vote in the country, while the wartime alliances with UK and the US prevailed during these years. Norway founded the 1973 State oil company after discovering oil, and was one of the founding nations of the European Free Trade Area. By the 1990s the country had paid off its foreign debts.

Tourism

Many visitors flock to Norway each year to see its fjord-indented coastlines and mountains and its generally unspoilt natural beauty, lakes and forests, as well as ski resorts and chief historical cities and towns such as Oslo and Bergen

Language

The Norwegian language has two distinct forms, Bokmal and Nynorsk. They are both official and hold equal status in administration, schools and in the media - however, despite this Bokmal is used by the majority of Norwegian speakers. 95% of the population speak Norwegian as their mother tongue, however there are many differing dialects which although mostly understandable to standard Norwegian speakers, still differ greatly. There are many speakers of the Sami language in the country, which is considered another official language. Norwegian is very similar to other Scandinavian languages, while the main foreign language taught in schools is English, with the majority of the population fluent in this as a second language.

Culture

Literature

Norwegian literature started with pagan poems coming out of the oral tradition in the 12th and 13th centuries. There was a relative lull in aritistic output then, but this ended with the National Romanticism movement in the late 18th century, with writers such as Weregelland, Moe and Collett. The 19th century golden-age of Nordic literature featured four key writers: Ibsen, Bjornson, Kielland and Lie. Ibsen remains the country's chief dramatist, but in the 20th century three writers won the Nobel prize for literature. Prominent contemporary writers include Jostein Gaarder, Per Petterson and Johan Borgen.

Music

Grieg is the most famous of Norway's classical composers, with his ballet Peer Gynt an enduring favourite in the classical canon. Norway has a long-standing tradition of folk music, and now embraces a wide range of musical forms, including blues, jazz, pop and rock.

Cuisine

Although Norway has now embraced contemporary European cuisines such as Italian and French, its own cooking is based on game and fish. Smoked salmon is a Norwegian delicacy which now has worldwide popularity, and other forms of seafood are eaten across the country. Kjottkaker is the name for Norwegian meatballs, while Svinestek is a roasted pork dish, eaten on Sundays.

For further information about our language services, please see our Norwegian interpreting and Norwegian translation pages

or return to Home or our Country profile page

You are free to use the information on this web site under the condition that you include a link to our site on the same page on which you cite us. Please click here for further information.

Areas in which we provide translation services include:

·         Legal Translation                                        

·         Medical and Pharmaceutical Translation

·         Technical Translation for Industry

·         Engineering Translation (including Automotive)

·         Environment and Global Issues Translation

·         Business Translation

·         Financial Translation

·         Scientific Translation

·         News and Media Translation

·         Government Translation

 
For more information regarding these services, please visit our main Translation Services page.
 

Areas in which we provide interpreting services include:

•    Legal  (including court, depositions, arbitrations, litigations)         

•    Medical (including Pharmaceutical & Medical Conferences)

•    Technical

•    Industry

•    Engineering (including Chemical, Marine, CivilMechanical, Electrical

•   Business   (including Business Conferences, discussions, meetings) 

•    Financial

•    Construction

For more information regarding these services, please visit our main Interpreting Services page. 

Some of the 180 languages for which we provide interpreters:

Arabic Interpreting Italian Interpreting
French Interpreting German Interpreting
Spanish Interpreting Korean Interpreting
Chinese Interpreting Japanese Interpreting

For other languages, please visit our Multiple Language Services Interpreting page.

Some of the 180 languages for which we provide interpreters:
 
Arabic Translation Italian Translation
Chinese Translation Japanese Translation
French Translation Korean Translation
German Translation Spanish Translation

For other languages, please visit our Multiple Language Services Translation page.

Follow us on Linkedin, Twitter, Facebook and via our blog on Wordpress: LinkedIn Twitter Facebook WordPress

Europe, USA, Asia, Africa, Middle East, South America, North America, Oceania, London, UK
© TJC Global Ltd  Professional Translation and Interpreting Company   All Rights Reserved

© TJC Global 2017   About Us | Contact Us | Testimonials & Case studies | Link to Us | Recruitment | Terms & Conditions | Privacy Policy | FAQ | Site Map
TJC-Global.com | TJC-Global.co.uk | Japanco.co.uk | TJC-Connect.com |