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Country Profiles: India

TJC Global Translation & Interpreting Services since 1985



New Delhi

Largest city


Official languages

Hindi, English

Constitutionally recognised



Total 3,287,240 km2




Indian Rupe

A brief history of India

India, officially the Republic of India is a country is South Asia, It is the 7th largest country in terms of geographical size, the second most populated country in the world and the most populated democracy in the world.  Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the west, and the Bay of Bengal on the east, Inida is bordered by Pakistan to the west, People's Republic of China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east.

Home to the Indus Valley Civilization and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history.  Furthermore, four major world religions, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism originated there, while Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam arrived in the first millennium CE and shaped the region's diverse culture. Gradually annexed by the British East India Company from the early eighteenth century and colonised by the United Kingdom from the mid-nineteenth century, India became an independent nation in 1947 after a struggle for independence that was marked by widespread nonviolent resistance.


India has had an average annual GDP growth rate of 5.8% for the past two decades, the economy is among the fastest growing in the world.  It has the world's second largest labour force, with 516.3 million people. In terms of output, the agricultural sector accounts for 28% of GDP, while the service and industrial sectors make up 54% and 18% respectively. Major agricultural products include rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute, tea, sugarcane, potatoes, cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats, poultry and fish.  Major industries include textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery and software.  India has been exporting increasingly as well, their exports include petroleum products, textile goods, gems and jewelry, software, engineering goods, chemicals and leather manufactures. 


India's culture is marked by a high degree of family values and cultural pluralism.  It has managed to preserve established traditions while absorbing new customs, traditions, and ideas from invaders and immigrants and spreading its cultural influence to other parts of Asia. Traditional Indian society is defined by relatively strict social hierarchy. The Indian caste system describes the social stratification and social restrictions in the Indian subcontinent, in which social classes are defined by thousands of endogamous hereditary groups, often termed as castes.  The Inidan family is very tightly linked and they have an important relationship to religion and their own Indian traditions and customs.


India has one of the largest selections of language dialects in the world, this includes over 25 different dialects.  This is just one exmaple of the cultural and religious abundance that India has, and at the same time they can all work together and assimilate their thoughts and beliefes into the Indian culture as a whole.  This allows everyone to benefit from this shared idea system and adds to the wealth of the Indian culture.

Climate Change Effect

The Ministry of Environment and Forests in India is well aware of the changes that Global Warming is placing on their countries, from India's vast river system, to the Himalayas, India is at risk, as is the rest of the world, that it why they have taken the initiative to control global warming and limit its effects.  India has been workingly closely with the West to create the necessary measures of prevention in order to control this situation for the benefit of not only India, but the rest of the world.  

Future Outlook

In the near future, India’s GDP per capita will quadruple and the Inidan economy is expected to surpass the American economy by 2045.  But if it can fulfill its growth potential, it can become a motor for the world economy, and a key contributor to generating spending growth.  The Indian economy has grown steadily over the last two decades, India will look to continue to grow and close the gap between its poorer and richer classes.  India has a bright economic future and will surely continue to be one of the most important economies in the world. 


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For more information regarding these services, please visit our main Translation Services page.

Areas in which we provide interpreting services include:

•    Legal  (including court, depositions, arbitrations, litigations)         

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For more information regarding these services, please visit our main Interpreting Services page. 

Some of the 180 langauges for which we provide interpreters:


Arabic Interpreting Italian Interpreting
French Interpreting German Interpreting
Spanish Interpreting Korean Interpreting
Chinese Interpreting Japanese Interpreting

For other languages, please visit our Multiple Language Services Interpreting page.

Some of the 180 langauges for which we provide interpreters:
Arabic Translation Italian Translation
Chinese Translation Japanese Translation
French Translation Korean Translation
German Translation Spanish Translation

For other languages, please visit our Multiple Language Services Translation page.

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