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Country Profile: Hungary

TJC Global Translation & Interpreting Services since 1985


Capital and largest city


Other cities

Debrecen, Miskolc, Szeged, Pecs, Gyor, Nyireghaza

Official languages



93, 030 sq km


10, 031, 00 (2008 est.)





Hungarian is the official language of Hungary, and is a Ugric language, only very distantly connected to other European languages. The Hungarian name for the language is magyar. Around 10 million of the global 14.5 million speakers of Hungarian live in Hungary itself, with others to be found in Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia and Ukraine. There are various mutually intelligble dialects of Hungarian, which include: Alföld, West Danube, Danube-Tisza, King's Pass Hungarian, Northeast Hungarian, Northwest Hungarian, Székely and West Hungarian.


With the collapse of the Soviet Union, Hungary, like so many other former soviet countries, underwent the difficult transition from centrally planned to market economy. The country is one of the latest members to join the EU (in 2004), and although its economy has gone through sustained growth in the past ten years, Hungary must cut down government spending and put in place reforms for the economy by 2013 in order to elligible to join the euro zone. Current reforms under discussion include health care, tax and local government financing. The private sector makes up four fifths of the country's GDP, with foreign investment mostly coming from central Europe. The majority of the country's workforce is employed in the service sector, with tourism an increasingly important industry - Hungary has been named one of the 15 top tourist attractions in the world, and is home to the largest lake and thermal lake in Europe, as well as the largest natural grassland in the continent. Natural resources include coal, natural gas and arable land, and key industries are mining, processed foods, chemicals, pharmaceuticals and motor vehicles. Hungary's main trading partners are Austria, Germany, the Netherlands, France, Russia, Italy and the UK.


Hungary is one of the EU countries which utilises nuclear power, with its Paks Nuclear Power Plant contributing around 40% of the country's energy. Hungary has also embraced wind power, another sustainable form of energy, and has several wind farms across the country. In late March 2009, Russia stepped into Hungary's energy sector by buying over the shares in MOL, their energy group, from the Austrian energy group who had previously owned them. This was a controversial act, causing many both in Hungary itself and in the EC to fear Russia's increasing involvement in energy groups in that region of Eastern European countries.

Science and Technology

Hungary is renowned for the strength of its education in mathematics, and perhaps for this reason the country has born no less than 13 Nobel prizewinners. It was a Hungarian who invented the Rubik's cube (Erno Rubik, of course!) and other Hungarian inventions include the transformer, the production line - and hence industrial mass production - and the ballpoint pen.

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Areas in which we provide translation services include:

·         Legal Translation                                        

·         Medical and Pharmaceutical Translation

·         Technical Translation for Industry

·         Engineering Translation (including Automotive)

·         Environment and Global Issues Translation

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·         Government Translation

For more information regarding these services, please visit our main Translation Services page.

Areas in which we provide interpreting services include:

•    Legal  (including court, depositions, arbitrations, litigations)         

•    Medical (including Pharmaceutical & Medical Conferences)

•    Technical

•    Industry

•    Engineering (including Chemical, Marine, CivilMechanical, Electrical

•   Business   (including Business Conferences, discussions, meetings) 

•    Financial

•    Construction

For more information regarding these services, please visit our main Interpreting Services page. 

Some of the 180 languages for which we provide interpreters:


Arabic Interpreting Italian Interpreting
French Interpreting German Interpreting
Spanish Interpreting Korean Interpreting
Chinese Interpreting Japanese Interpreting

For other languages, please visit our Multiple Language Services Interpreting page.

Some of the 180 languages for which we provide interpreters:
Arabic Translation Italian Translation
Chinese Translation Japanese Translation
French Translation Korean Translation
German Translation Spanish Translation

For other languages, please visit our Multiple Language Services Translation page.

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