Country Profile: Ethiopia
Recognised regional languages-Afar, Amharic, Bussa, Burji, Hadiya, Harari, Kambata, Konso, Oromo, Saho, Somali, Wolaytta, Zay
Area-Total 1,104,300 km2
Ethiopia, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a landlocked country situated in the Horn of Africa. Ethiopia is bordered by Eritrea to the north, Sudan to the west, Kenya to the south, Somalia to the east and Djibouti to the northeast. Ethiopia is one of the oldest countries in the world and Africa's second-most populous nation. Ethiopia has yielded some of humanity's oldest traces, making the area a primary factor in the origin and developmental history of humanity.
As one of the oldest countries in the world, over time Ethiopia has developed many dialects and languages, over eighty four in fact, this adds to the rich cultural diversity that Ethiopians enjoy.Some of these are, Afar, Amharic, Anfillo, Awngi, Berta, Bussa, Burji, Gamo-Gofa, Gurage, Hadiya, Harari, Kambata, Konso, Ongota, Oromo, Saho, Sidama, Silt'e, Soddo, Somali, Tigrinya, Wolaytta, Xamtanga and Zay. English is the most popular foreign language, and it is also the language that is used in schools for educational purposes.
In Africa and Ethiopia specifically, the population of wildlife have been rapidly declining due to logging, civil wars, hunting, pollution, poaching, and other human interference. Recently, a severe drought has negatively impacted Ethiopia's environmental conditions leading to even greater habitat degradation. Habitat destruction is a factor that leads to endangerment, the wildlife have not had a chance to adapt to these changes and therefore, their existence is being threatened. Human impact threatens many species, with greater threats expected as a result of climate change induced by greenhouse gas emissions. Because of this extreme situation, Ethiopia has a large number of species listed as critically endangered, endangered and vulnerable to global extinction.
Ethiopia has created the necessary environmental protection agencies to deal with this threat of wildlife extinction, in 1966 The Ethiopian Wildlife and Natural History Society was created to help educate, understand and protect the wildlife of Ethiopia A critical way to help threatened animals survive would be to protect their habitat permanently through national parks, wilderness areas and nature reserves. By protecting the places where animals live, human interference is limited. Protecting farms, and any place along roadsides that harbor animals helps encourage protection. Ethiopia has taken the initiative to create these habitats and resources for the betterment of their future.
Ethiopia has one of the fastest growing economies in the world today. This is particularly important because, they are also the fastest growing non-oil dependant African Nations, this has also propmted them to research new forms of renewable energy such as wind, solar and hydroenergy. Many countries, especially in Europe await Ethiopia to better develop its agricultural industry, as it has tremendous potential and some of the most vast ariable land wealth in the entire world.
Exports and Energy
Presently, Ethiopia is the 10th largest producer of livestock in the world. Other main export commodities are khat, gold, leather products, and oilseeds. Since recently developing their floriculture industry, Ethiopia is in good positioning to become the world's leading flower and plant producer. Ethiopia also has some of the largest natural water reserves in the world, coffee beans are still their main export however, they also export such goods as cereals, pulses, cotton, sugarcane, potatoes and hides. With the construction of various new dams and growing hydroelectric power projects around the country, it has also begun exporting electric power to its neighbors. Furthermore, Ethiopia has vast mineral resources and gold mines in their less populated regions.
In the near future, Ethiopia looks to continue to grow as the one of the world's fastest growing economies. Ethiopia has tremendous resources, such as natural water reserves, oil reserves, gold mines, and various agricultural products such as coffee beans and livestock. The vast wealth of the country's resources and its rapid growth will lead to an even more expansive economy in the near future. Furthermore, Ethiopia has become an African leader in renewable energy research as well, particularly with wind, solar and hydroelectric.
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