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Country Profiles: Estonia

TJC Global Translation & Interpreting Services since 1985

Factfile

Capital and largest city

Tallinn

Official languages

Estonian

Area

43, 211 sq km

Population

1, 340, 642 (2007 est.)

Currency

Estonian kroon


Languages

Estonian is spoken by about 1.1 million people in Estonia itself, and is closely related to the Finnish language. It is rare in European languages to be not of the Indo-European family of languages. It is distantly related to Hungarian and also has some similarities with German, Swedish, Russian and Latvian. There are two distinct groups of Estonian dialects, split geographically into northern and southern (and linked to the northern city of Tallinn and southern city of Tartu). The southern group includes the Tartu, Mulgi, Voro and Seto dialects. In addition there is the distinct kirderanniku dialect spoken in the north-east of the country.
 

Economy

Since independence in 1991, Estonia underwent a programme of rapid social and economic reform, and as a consequence, now has a thriving market economy in addition to one of the highest per capita income levels in Eastern Europe. Its GDP is $29.35 billion, and the labour force is split between the service and industry sectors, in particular engineering, electronics, IT and telecommunications, which make up some of the country's $11 billion exports. Estonia's major trading partners are Finland, Germany, Sweden, Latvia, Russia, Lithuania, US and Gibraltar. A democratic parliamentary republic, Estonia is member of organisations including the UN, EU and NATO, and has signed the Kyoto Protocol. Estonia has gained international repute for its fast growing economy, technological advances, free trade and almost non-existent debt. In the next four years, Estonia will receive around 3.4 billion euros in EU funds, which will go towards energy economies, administration, education, R&D, healthcare, transportation and the labour market.

Foreign Relations

Since independence, Estonia has become more closely aligned to the Nordic countries, and has separated ties from Russia. It sees itself as a Nordic country, in particular through allegiances with Sweden and Finland, and in 2005 it joined the EU's Nordic Battle Group. In pursuing a foreign policy of close links with Western European neighbours, the most significant area of development for Estonia was joining NATO and the EU in 2004. Now, 75% of foreign investment in Estonia comes from Finland and Sweden.

Science and Technology

Estonia has a very strong IT sector, due in part to the "Tiger's Leap" project of the mid-90s, in which the country invested heavily in expansion of and development of the computer infrastructure, leading to internet access in all Estonian schools. The country also features strong e-government and e-infrastructures.

Energy

90% of Estonia's electricy comes from oil-shale produced mining. This industry is damaging in terms of environment and non-renewable energy, and so in recent years foreign investors have developed programmes for renewable energy sources, including growing wind power production - the country is also considering building nuclear power facilities.

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For further information about our language services, please see our Estonian interpreting and Estonian translation pages

or return to Home or our Country profile page

You are free to use the information on this web site under the condition that you include a link to our site on the same page on which you cite us. Please click here for further information.

Areas in which we provide translation services include:

·         Legal Translation                                        

·         Medical and Pharmaceutical Translation

·         Technical Translation for Industry

·         Engineering Translation (including Automotive)

·         Environment and Global Issues Translation

·         Business Translation

·         Financial Translation

·         Scientific Translation

·         News and Media Translation

·         Government Translation

 
For more information regarding these services, please visit our main Translation Services page.
 

Areas in which we provide interpreting services include:

•    Legal  (including court, depositions, arbitrations, litigations)         

•    Medical (including Pharmaceutical & Medical Conferences)

•    Technical

•    Industry

•    Engineering (including Chemical, Marine, CivilMechanical, Electrical

•   Business   (including Business Conferences, discussions, meetings) 

•    Financial

•    Construction

For more information regarding these services, please visit our main Interpreting Services page. 

Some of the 180 languages for which we provide interpreters:

Arabic Interpreting Italian Interpreting
French Interpreting German Interpreting
Spanish Interpreting Korean Interpreting
Chinese Interpreting Japanese Interpreting

For other languages, please visit our Multiple Language Services Interpreting page.

Some of the 180 languages for which we provide interpreters:
 
Arabic Translation Italian Translation
Chinese Translation Japanese Translation
French Translation Korean Translation
German Translation Spanish Translation

For other languages, please visit our Multiple Language Services Translation page.

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