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Fact File:

Capital

Sofia

Official language

Bulgarian

Area

Total 110,910 km2

Population

7,606,551 (2009est)

Currency

Lev

Country Profile: Bulgaria

TJC Global Translation & Interpreting Services since 1985

Bulgaria, officially the Republic of Bulgaria is a country in the Balkans in south-eastern Europe. It borders five other countries: Romania to the north (mostly along the River Danube), Serbia and the Republic of Macedonia to the west, and Greece and Turkey to the south. The Black Sea defines the extent of the country to the east.  Bulgaria includes parts of the Roman provinces of Moesia, Thrace and Macedonia. Old European culture within the territory of present-day[ Bulgaria started to produce golden artifacts by the fifth millennium BC.

Resources

The country possesses relatively rich mineral-resources, including vast reserves of lignite and anthracite coal; non-ferrous ores such as copper, lead, zinc and gold. It has large deposits of manganese ore in the north-east. Smaller deposits exist of iron, silver, chromite, nickel and others. Bulgaria has abundant non-metalliferous minerals such as rock-salt, gypsum, kaolin and marble.

Water Energy

Bulgaria has a dense network of about 540 rivers, but with the notable exception of the Danube, most have short lengths and low water-levels.  Most rivers flow through mountainous areas; fewer in the Danubian Plain, Upper Thracian Plain and especially Dobrudzha.  Rila and Pirin feature around 260 glacial lakes; the country also has several large lakes on the Black Sea coast and more than 2,200 dam lakes. Many mineral springs exist, located mainly in the south-western and central parts of the country along the faults between the mountains.  Bulgaria has more dammed water supplies than any other country in Europe and produces a vast amount of electricity from it.

Economy

Bulgaria became a member of the European Union in 2007. The World Bank classifies it as an "upper-middle-income economy".  Bulgaria has experienced rapid economic growth in recent years.  Bulgaria has tamed its inflation since the deep economic crisis in 1996-1997, but the latest figures show an increase in the inflation-rate.  If this inflation rate continues to fall as well as unemployment, Bulgaria will seek to use the Euro by 2020.

Industry

Industry plays a key role in the Bulgarian economy, although Bulgaria lacks large reserves of oil and gas, it produces significant quantities of electricity. Bulgaria formerly ranked as the most important exporter of electricity in the region due to the Kozloduy Nuclear Power Plant, which has a total capacity of 2,000 MW, but after the closure of its first four blocks, exports of electricity declined and the country lost its leading position as an energy-supplier for the Balkans. However, the two most modern blocks of the power plant, blocks 5 and 6, continue to run and to provide power. Construction has started on a second plant, the Belene Nuclear Power Plant with a projected capacity of 2,000 MW. Plans exist for a $1.4 billion dollar project for construction of an additional 670 MW for the 500 MW Maritza Iztok 1 Thermal Power Plant. 

Science and Technology

Some multinational companies have set up regional offices and headquarters in Bulgaria, most notably Hewlett-Packard, which built its Global Service Centre for Europe, the Middle East and Africa (EMEA) in Sofia.  Telecommunications has become one of the growing industries in the country. Three GSM mobile-telephone operators — Globul, Mtel and Vivatel — provide almost 100% coverage each. They have a network of service-centers throughout the country. Bulgarians made use of some 10 million cellular phones.  Bulgaria is also spreading the availability of wireless internet throughout the country, even into the small villages.

Future Outlook

Bulgaria seeks to continue to expand its economy, while continuing to reform its economic policies.  Bulgaria also seeks to regain its dominance in the electricity production field and be the number one producer of electricity, as it once was.  Also by 2020 Bulgaria hopes that if its economy continues to grow, then it will be able to use the Euro as its official currency.
 

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For further information about our language services, please see our Bulgarian interpreting and Bulgarian translation pages

or return to Home or our Country profile page

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Areas in which we provide translation services include:

·         Legal Translation                                        

·         Medical and Pharmaceutical Translation

·         Technical Translation for Industry

·         Engineering Translation (including Automotive)

·         Environment and Global Issues Translation

·         Business Translation

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·         Scientific Translation

·         News and Media Translation

·         Government Translation

 
For more information regarding these services, please visit our main Translation Services page.
 

Areas in which we provide interpreting services include:

•    Legal  (including court, depositions, arbitrations, litigations)         

•    Medical (including Pharmaceutical & Medical Conferences)

•    Technical

•    Industry

•    Engineering (including Chemical, Marine, CivilMechanical, Electrical

•   Business   (including Business Conferences, discussions, meetings) 

•    Financial

•    Construction

For more information regarding these services, please visit our main Interpreting Services page. 

Some of the 180 languages for which we provide interpreters:

 

Arabic Interpreting Italian Interpreting
French Interpreting German Interpreting
Spanish Interpreting Korean Interpreting
Chinese Interpreting Japanese Interpreting

For other languages, please visit our Multiple Language Services Interpreting page.

Some of the 180 languages for which we provide interpreters:
 
Arabic Translation Italian Translation
Chinese Translation Japanese Translation
French Translation Korean Translation
German Translation Spanish Translation

For other languages, please visit our Multiple Language Services Translation page.

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