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Fact File

Capital

Kabul

Official languages

Dari (Persian), Pashto

Other Dialects

Hazaragi, Uzbek, Turkmen, Balochi, Nuristani, Pashai, Brahui, Pamiri, Hindko

Area

Total 647,500 km2

Population

(2009est) 32,738,376

Currency

Afghani

Country Profile: Afghanistan

TJC Global Translation & Interpreting Services since 1985

Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country that is located approximately in the center of Asia. It is variously designated as geographically located within Central Asia, South Asia and the Middle East.  It is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east, Iran in the south and west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north, and China in the far northeast.  Afghanistan is a crossroads between the East and the West, and has been an ancient focal point of trade and migration. It has an important geo-strategic location, connecting South and Central Asia and Middle East. During its long history, the land has seen various invaders and conquerors, while on the other hand, local entities invaded the surrounding vast regions to form their own empires.

Languages

The most common languages spoken in Afghanistan are Eastern Persian (also known as Dari; roughly 50%) and Pashto (roughly 35%). Both are Indo-European languages from the Iranian languages sub-family, and the official languages of the country. Hazaragi, spoken by the Hazara minority, is a distinct dialect of Persian. Other languages spoken include the Turkic languages Uzbek and Turkmen as well as 30 minor languages, primarily Balochi, Nuristani, Pashai, Brahui, Pamiri languages and Hindko. 

Economy

 Afghanistan is a member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) and the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC).  The nation's economy began to improve since 2002 due to the infusion of multi-billion US dollars in international assistance and investments, as well as remittances from expats.  It is also due to dramatic improvements in agricultural production and the end of a four-year drought in most of the country.

Communications and Technology

Telecommunication services in the country are provided by Afghan Wireless, Etisalat, Roshan, Areeba and Afghan Telecom. In 2006, the Afghan Ministry of Communications signed a US$64.5 million agreement with ZTE Corporation for the establishment of a countrywide fibre optic cable network. This will improve telephone, internet, television and radio broadcast services throughout the country.  Television and radio broadcastings are available in most parts of the country, with local and international channels or stations.
The nation's post service is also operating. Package delivery services such as FedEx, DHL and others are also available.

Media

The media was tightly controlled under the Taliban and other periods in its history, and was relatively free in others. Under the Taliban, television was shut down in 1996, and print media were forbidden to publish commentary, photos or readers letters.  The only radio station broadcast religious programmes and propaganda, and aired no music.  After the overthrow of the Taliban in 2001, press restrictions were gradually relaxed and private media diversified. Freedom of expression and the press is promoted in the 2004 constitution and censorship is banned, though defaming individuals or producing material contrary to the principles of Islam is prohibited.  Over 400 publications are now registered and 60 radio stations, a major source of information, currently exist.  Foreign radio stations, such as the BBC World Service, also broadcast into the country.

Future Outlook

Afghanistan will look to continue and expand its nation's infrastructure as well as to expand on its telecommunications industry as well.  There is much room to grow and expand within their economy and they look to continue to do so in the near future, cementing their identity as an important link between Europe, Asia and the Middle East.

For further information about our language services, please see our Dari (Afghan) Persian interpreting and Dari (Afghan) Persian translation pages

or return to Home or our Country profile page

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Areas in which we provide translation services include:

·         Legal Translation                                        

·         Medical and Pharmaceutical Translation

·         Technical Translation for Industry

·         Engineering Translation (including Automotive)

·         Environment and Global Issues Translation

·         Business Translation

·         Financial Translation

·         Scientific Translation

·         News and Media Translation

·         Government Translation

 
For more information regarding these services, please visit our main Translation Services page.

Areas in which we provide interpreting services include:

•    Legal  (including court, depositions, arbitrations, litigations)         

•    Medical (including Pharmaceutical & Medical Conferences)

•    Technical

•    Industry

•    Engineering (including Chemical, Marine, CivilMechanical, Electrical

•   Business   (including Business Conferences, discussions, meetings) 

•    Financial

•    Construction

For more information regarding these services, please visit our main Interpreting Services page. 

Some of the 180 languages for which we provide interpreters:

 

Arabic Interpreting Italian Interpreting
French Interpreting German Interpreting
Spanish Interpreting Korean Interpreting
Chinese Interpreting Japanese Interpreting

For other languages, please visit our Multiple Language Services Interpreting page.

Some of the 180 languages for which we provide interpreters:
 
Arabic Translation Italian Translation
Chinese Translation Japanese Translation
French Translation Korean Translation
German Translation Spanish Translation

For other languages, please visit our Multiple Language Services Translation page.

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